Two Executive Agreements

Two Executive Agreements

Executive agreements are formal agreements made between the President of the United States and the head of another country without the need for Senate approval. These agreements are used to facilitate cooperation between nations and can cover a wide range of issues such as trade, defense, and environmental protection. In this article, we will discuss two executive agreements that have shaped foreign policy in recent years.

The first executive agreement we will cover is the Iran Nuclear Deal. In 2015, President Barack Obama negotiated the agreement with Iran`s leaders to curb their nuclear program in exchange for lifting economic sanctions. Under the agreement, Iran agreed to limit its nuclear activities to peaceful purposes and allow inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency. In return, the United States and other countries lifted economic sanctions that had been crippling Iran`s economy.

The Iran Nuclear Deal was a significant achievement for the Obama administration and was seen as a move towards a more peaceful and stable Middle East. However, the agreement was highly controversial, with many Republicans and some Democrats criticizing it for allowing Iran to continue to develop its ballistic missile program and its support of terrorist organizations.

In 2018, President Donald Trump announced the United States would withdraw from the Iran Nuclear Deal, citing its failure to address Iran`s ballistic missile program and support for terrorism. The move was heavily criticized by Iran and other signatories of the agreement, who argued that it undermined the credibility of the United States as a global leader.

The second executive agreement we will cover is the Paris Climate Agreement. In 2015, President Barack Obama negotiated the agreement with leaders from around the world to combat climate change. The agreement aims to limit global warming to well below two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels while pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Under the Paris Agreement, participating countries committed to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions and providing financial support to developing countries to help them transition to a low-carbon economy. The United States committed to reducing its emissions by 26-28% by 2025 compared to 2005 levels.

In 2017, President Donald Trump announced the United States would withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement, arguing that it would hurt American businesses and workers. The move was criticized by leaders from around the world, who argued that it would undermine global efforts to combat climate change and damage the credibility of the United States as a global leader.

In conclusion, executive agreements are an important tool for shaping foreign policy and promoting international cooperation. The Iran Nuclear Deal and the Paris Climate Agreement were both significant achievements in their respective fields, but they were also controversial and faced criticism from some quarters. As the United States looks to rebuild its alliances and reassert its leadership on the global stage, it will be important to carefully consider the impacts of executive agreements and their potential consequences.

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